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Species Sericaglaea signata - Variable Sallow - Hodges#9941

Variable Sallow Moth - Hodges #9941 - Sericaglaea signata Variable Sallow - Sericaglaea signata Variable Sallow - Sericaglaea signata Sericaglaea ? - Sericaglaea signata variable sallow moth, Hodges #9941  - Sericaglaea signata Variable Sallow - Hodges #9941 - Sericaglaea signata Sericaglaea signata Sericaglaea signata
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
No Taxon (Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Xylenini
Subtribe Xylenina
Genus Sericaglaea
Species signata (Variable Sallow - Hodges#9941)
Hodges Number
9941
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Sericaglaea signata (French, 1879)
Orhtosia signata French, 1879
Phylogenetic sequence # 932595(1)
Numbers
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) listed Sericaglaea signata as the only member of the genus in America north of Mexico. (1)
Size
Wingspan 35-43 mm. (2)
Identification
Adult: forewing color varies widely: light to dark brown, sometimes reddish-brown with purplish gloss in fresh specimens; some have heavy black shading inside irregular subterminal line, with conspicuously paler area outside ST line; veins and lines usually paler brown, obscure; sharp bluish-black spot in lower half of reniform spot; faint thin median line connects one reniform spot with the other when moth is at rest with wings closed; hindwing brown, grayish-brown toward outer margin. (2)
Range
Connecticut to Florida(3), west to Missouri and Texas.(4) (2)
Habitat
Adults may be abundant at moth bait. (2)
Season
The adults are most common from January to May; October to December.(5)
Food
The larvae feed on leaves of basswood, cherry, oak.
Life Cycle
One generation per year; overwinters as an adult.
Remarks
Listed as a species of "greatest conservation concern" in a New York list, with only historical records from that state (which in any case is at the northern limit of the range of signata).
See Also
other species in the tribe Xylenini.
In fall, Bicolored Sallow forewing has heavier markings and a darker/thicker median line.
Internet References
live adult images plus dates and common name reference (Larry Line, Maryland)
presence in Kentucky; county map plus dates and locations (Jeffrey Marcus, Western Kentucky U.)