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Family Conotylidae

Cave dwelling Millipede - Conotyla blakei Cave dwelling Millipede - Conotyla blakei Cave dwelling Millipede - Conotyla blakei Millipede - Conotyla blakei ZE.26806_Austrotyla_stephensoni - Austrotyla stephensoni - male ZE.26806_Austrotyla_stephensoni - Austrotyla stephensoni - male ZE.26806_Austrotyla_stephensoni - Austrotyla stephensoni - male Idagona westcotti
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Myriapoda (Myriapods)
Class Diplopoda (Millipedes)
Order Chordeumatida
Family Conotylidae
Size
9-25 mm.
Identification
30 segments, head not covered by collum. Eyes present, sometimes reduced. Mentum undivided. Dorsum with large, knobby lateral swellings bearing 2 large setae each. Posterior gonopods inflated and turned dorsad, clearly identifying mature males.
Range
North America, Japan, Chile
Habitat
Leaf litter, dead wood, caves. Can be found at high altitudes or cool microclimates, such as groves of hemlock, fir, or spruce trees.
Season
Almost all mature specimens are collected between November and April.
Food
Leaf litter, dead wood, fungal hyphae.
Life Cycle
Juveniles can be found throughout the year via leaf litter collection, matures are found in the cooler months.
Remarks
Due to being most active during the colder months, representation of this family in collections is uncommon.
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