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Family Pyralidae - Pyralid Moths

5803 - Sciota Leafroller - Sciota celtidella Pyralidae sp ? - Acrobasis Perhaps Ephestiodes? Moth - Pococera moth - Salebriaria rufimaculatella moth Dioryctria sp. - Dioryctria Myelopsis minutularia
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea (Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths)
Family Pyralidae (Pyralid Moths)
Other Common Names
Snout moths
Pronunciation
pye-RAL-id-ee
Numbers
681 species in our area (1).
Size
small to medium-size: wingspan usually between 9 and 37 mm
Identification
Full description at pyraloidea.org (GlobIZ) here with info on subfamilies here (2)
Range
cosmopolitan
Remarks
Solis, M. Alma (2007) Phylogenetic studies and modern classification of the Pyraloidea (Lepidoptera)
ABSTRACT:
Pyraloidea, the third largest superfamily of the Lepidoptera, is comprised of two families - Pyralidae and Crambidae. The history of families previously placed in the Pyraloidea is discussed. The group now includes about 16,000 species worldwide. Morphologically, the superfamily is defined by a basally scaled proboscis and the presence of abdominal tympanal organs. The larvae of many species are economically important pests of crops (e. g.: sugarcane, corn, rice), and stored products such as seeds and grains. Currently 22 subfamilies comprise the Pyraloidea; only the 19 subfamilies that occur in the Western Hemisphere are discussed. There is a paucity of recent research using cladistic methods and phylogenetic analyses across all taxa.
Print References
Scholtens, B.G., Solis, A.M., 2015. Annotated check list of the Pyraloidea (Lepidoptera) of America North of Mexico. ZooKeys 535: 1–136 (1)
Solis, M. Alma (2007) Phylogenetic studies and modern classification of the Pyraloidea (Lepidoptera) (read online)
Works Cited
1.Annotated check list of the Pyraloidea (Lepidoptera) of America North of Mexico
Scholtens, B.G., Solis, A.M. 2015. ZooKeys 535: 1–136. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.535.6086.
2.Global Information System on Pyraloidea (GlobIZ)