Mathis W.N. (1979) Studies of Notiphilinae (Diptera: Ephydridae), I: Revision of the nearctic species of Notiphila Fallén, excluding the Caudata Group. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 287 (Full text)
Disclaimer: Dedicated naturalists volunteer their time and resources here to provide this service. We strive to provide accurate information, but we are mostly just amateurs attempting to make sense of a diverse natural world. If you need expert professional advice, contact your local extension office.