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Genus Tipula

BG1121 D1952 - Tipula sayi - male Crane Fly? - Tipula ultima - female BG1940 E0273 - Tipula - female Crane Fly - Tipula Crane Fly with Variegated Wings - Tipula Tipula longiventris Large Orange Crane Fly - Tipula - female crane fly - Tipula borealis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Nematocera" (Non-Brachycera))
Infraorder Tipulomorpha (Crane Flies)
Family Tipulidae (Large Crane Flies)
Genus Tipula
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Tipula Linnaeus, 1758
Linnaeus used Tipula for a wide variety of non-biting flies with long antennae. The term was restricted until by the 20th century it had approximately its present meaning.
Explanation of Names
From Latin tipula (or tippula) a water spider (1) (2). (Nettleship, 1889, Contributions to Latin Lexicography--via Googlebooks--gives meaning of tippula as "water fly", quoting original Latin sources.)
Numbers
Nearctica.com lists about 473 species.
Arnett, p. 851, lists 27 subgenera. (3)
Size
Typically 10-25 mm
Identification
Large craneflies, and a huge genus in terms of species. Technical characters are no doubt needed for identification. A few species in this large genus are distinctively marked.
Print References
Arnett, p. 851, fig. 29.12--T. trivittata (3)
Borror, entry for tipula (1)
The Century Dictionary, entry for Tipula (2)
Salsbury pp. 379-380, photos T. abdominalis, dorsimacula, furca, triplex (4)
Swan and Papp, pp. 585-586, figs. 1252-1256, illustrates and describes several species. (5)
Works Cited
1.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
2.The Century Dictionary: an encyclopedic lexicon of the English language
3.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
4.Insects in Kansas
Glenn A. Salsbury and Stephan C. White. 2000. Kansas Dept. of Agriculture.
5.The Common Insects of North America
Lester A. Swan, Charles S. Papp. 1972. Harper & Row.