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Genus Tipula

Crane Fly - Tipula longiventris - male Crane Fly 2121 - Tipula duplex - male Crane Fly - Tipula Tipula subgenus Triplicitipula - Tipula - female Riley Crane Fly - Tipula Male Tipula - Tipula tricolor - male Crane fly - Tipula lanei Crane Fly - Tipula jacintoensis - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Nematocera" (Non-Brachycera))
Infraorder Tipulomorpha (Crane Flies)
Family Tipulidae (Large Crane Flies)
Genus Tipula
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Tipula Linnaeus, 1758
Linnaeus used Tipula for a wide variety of non-biting flies with long antennae. The term was restricted until by the 20th century it had approximately its present meaning.
Explanation of Names
From Latin tipula (or tippula) a water spider (1) (2). (Nettleship, 1889, Contributions to Latin Lexicography--via Googlebooks--gives meaning of tippula as "water fly", quoting original Latin sources.)
Numbers
Nearctica.com lists about 473 species.
Arnett, p. 851, lists 27 subgenera. (3)
Size
Typically 10-25 mm
Identification
Large craneflies, and a huge genus in terms of species. Technical characters are no doubt needed for identification. A few species in this large genus are distinctively marked.
Print References
Arnett, p. 851, fig. 29.12--T. trivittata (3)
Borror, entry for tipula (1)
The Century Dictionary, entry for Tipula (2)
Salsbury pp. 379-380, photos T. abdominalis, dorsimacula, furca, triplex (4)
Swan and Papp, pp. 585-586, figs. 1252-1256, illustrates and describes several species. (5)
Works Cited
1.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
2.The Century Dictionary: an encyclopedic lexicon of the English language
3.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
4.Insects in Kansas
Glenn A. Salsbury and Stephan C. White. 2000. Kansas Dept. of Agriculture.
5.The Common Insects of North America
Lester A. Swan, Charles S. Papp. 1972. Harper & Row.