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Family Sarcophagidae - Flesh Flies

Common House Fly? unknown fly Wingless Fly - 11:30 am - female Sarcophaga sp.? Which Sarcophagid? 9014610 Sarcophagid Fly with hairy tibia Fly 13
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon (Calyptratae)
Superfamily Oestroidea
Family Sarcophagidae (Flesh Flies)
Numbers
about 400 spp. in 49 genera in our area, ~2,600 described spp. in 100-400 genera worldwide(1)(2)(3)
3 subfamilies(4): Miltogramminae (=Miltogrammatinae), Paramacronychiinae, Sarcophaginae
Identification
Similar to blowflies, but generally blackish with gray thoracic stripes (never metallic); 3 black racing stripes on a gray background
The subfamilies are defined, both anatomically and biologically, in(4)
Pictorial key to some S.American spp. in(5)
Range
worldwide and throughout NA(3)(1)
Food
Larvae: many species are necrophagous, but some feed in mammalian tissues or parasitize other arthropods (bees, cicadas, termites, grasshoppers/locusts, millipedes), earthworms, or snails(3). Adults feed on various sugar-containing materials such as nectar, sap, fruit juices and honeydew.
Remarks
comprehensive, up-to-date info is provided in(4)
Works Cited
1.Manual of Nearctic Diptera Volume 2
Varies for each chapter; edited by J.F. McAlpine, B.V. Petersen, G.E. Shewell, H.J. Teskey, J.R. Vockeroth, D.M. Wood. 1987. Research Branch Agriculture Canada.
2.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
3.Molecular phylogeny of the Calyptratae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha)...
S.N. Kutty, T. Pape, B.M. Wiegmann, R. Meier. 2010. Systematic Entomology 35: 614–635.
4.Pape T., Dahlem G., de Mello Patiu C.A., Giroux M. (2012) The world of flesh flies (Diptera: Sarcophagidae)
5.Pictorial identification key for species of Sarcophagidae (Diptera) of potential forensic importance in southern Brazil
Vairo, K.P., C.A. de Mello-Patiu & C.J.B. de Carvalho. 2011. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 55(3): 333-347.