Explanation of Names
From Latin antenna
, meaning a sail-yard (rope for hauling up or securing sails). Latin word is from Greek ana
, up, plus teinein
, to stretch (1)
antenna, noun, plural antennae or antennas, adjective antennal - One of the paired, flexible, segmented sensory appendages on the head of an insect, myriapod, or crustacean functioning primarily as an organ of touch. The segments of the antenna are called antennomeres.
Insect antennae have a variety of morphologies, frequently useful in identifying insect families. Specialized terminology is shown in the diagram above.
Examples of some uncommon antennae:
Examples of antenna cleaners on legs: