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Family Cleridae - Checkered Beetles

ᶿ - Trichodes ornatus eno - Enoclerus vetus Trichodes oresterus Wolcott - Trichodes oresterus Checkered Beetles - Enoclerus nigripes - male - female Enoclerus nigripes Pelonium leucophaeum Cleridae, pupa, end of abdomen - Enoclerus nigripes Beetle from hackberry dead twigs - Madoniella dislocata
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Cleroidea (Bark-gnawing, Checkered and Soft-winged Flower Beetles)
Family Cleridae (Checkered Beetles)
Other Common Names
Checkered Flower Beetles(1)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
family classification has been recently revised, with multiple new subfamilies erected(2); the new arrangement seems to have gained the support of clerid specialists worldwide and is followed here
Explanation of Names
Cleridae Latreille 1802
Numbers
almost 300 spp. in 36 genera in our area(3), 50 in Canada(4); >3,600 spp. in >330 genera of 12 subfamilies worldwide(2)
Nearctic fauna catalogued in(5)
Overview of our fauna classification adapted from(2); * –taxa not yet in the guide]
Family CLERIDAE
Subfamily ISOCLERINAE Ababa

====a much more compact classification used in(6)=========
Family CLERIDAE
Subfamily TILLINAE Fischer von Waldheim 1813
Subfamily HYDNOCERINAE Spinola 1844
__Tribe Hydnocerini Spinola 1844
Subfamily CLERINAE Latreille 1802
Subfamily KORYNETINAE Laporte 1836
Size
2-24 mm(3)
Identification
Body usually long and narrow, covered with bristly hairs and often marked with red, orange, yellow, or blue; head usually wider than pronotum; pronotum sybcylindrical and narrower than elytra; antennae vary considerably and are of great diagnostic value within the group
Helpful online sources for visual identification:(7)(8)(9)(10)
Range
worldwide and throughout N. Amer.; more diverse in the south, esp. in sw. US(3)
Food
predaceous on other insects, larvae mostly on wood- and cone-borers; some adults feed on pollen; a few species are scavengers(3)
Internet References
(11)
Works Cited
1.A Manual of Common Beetles of Eastern North America
Dillon, Elizabeth S., and Dillon, Lawrence. 1961. Row, Peterson, and Company.
2.Classification, natural history, phylogeny, and subfamily composition of the Cleridae and generic content of the subfamilies
Opitz W. 2010. Entomologica Basiliensia et Collections Frey 32: 31–128.
3.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
4.The checkered beetles (Coleoptera: Cleridae) of the Maritime Provinces of Canada
Christopher G. Majka. 2006. Zootaxa 1385: 31–46.
5.Catalogue of North American beetles of the family Cleridae
Wolcott A.B. 1947. Fieldiana: Zoology 32: 63–105.
6.Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta)
Bouchard P. et al. 2011. ZooKeys 88: 1–972.
7.A guide to the Cleridae of Atlantic Canada, by Christopher Majka
8.Photographs of North American Cleridae associated with conifers, by B.D. Ayres & W. F. Barr
9.Jacques Rifkind's Enoclerus Photographs
10.The checkered beeltes (Coleoptera: Cleridae) of Florida.
Leavengood, Jr., J.M. 2008. University of Florida, Gainesville. 206 pp.
11.The Clerid Homepage, by R. Gerstmeier