Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Cisthene Walker, 1854
The genus Cisthene
includes 20 described species listed for America, north of Mexico. (1)(2)
Small, day-flying, brightly-colored moths. See this Key to Texas species of Cisthene
on iNaturalist for the newest information on identification in the field and from photos.
***Note: Several images on Moth Photographer's Group remain misplaced, particularly on the pages for the widely misunderstood Cisthene unifascia, C. tenuifascia, and C. subrufa.
larval hosts are algae and lichens, adults take nectar.
Adults, at least partly, day-flying. Larvae feed on lichens and overwinter on tree trunks. Pupation in modest cocoon in crevices among lichens (3)
and other Lithosiine larvae are frass shooters that fire their fecal pellets up to 20 times the length of their bodies.(3)
Other lichen moths, such as Hypoprepia.
Covell, pp. 60-61, plate 12. (4)
Knowlton, C.B., 1967. A revision of the species of Cisthene
known to occur north of the Mexican border (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae: Lithosiinae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 93(1): 41-100. (1)
Knudson, Ed, and Charles Bordelon. 2010. Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Texas. Texas Lep. Surv. Publ. No. 6. (5)
Sexton, C. (in prep.) Identification of lichen moths in the genus Cisthene in the eastern U.S. Southern Lep. News.
Moth Photographers Group
- pinned adult photos of all North American species.