Adult: body and head slender, gray or brownish; head longer than thorax; legs long, thread-like; resembles small walkingsticks (Phasmatodea); eyes bulging, located about halfway along head; antennae 4-segmented, slightly longer than head, inserted near front of head; wings usually absent, sometimes well-developed.
Most adults are wingless, although some winged specimens occur.
worldwide (more diverse in the tropics)(3); in NA, mostly eastern, with some species extending to the west
on emergent/floating vegetation along edges of ponds, marshes, and pools of slow-moving streams(2)(4)
newly emerged, slow-moving, dying, or dead invertebrates (midges, mosquito larvae, bloodworms, ostracods, springtails, etc.)(5)(4)(3)
eggs are laid either on vertical surfaces of plant stems or on ground several centimetres above water level(5)
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