Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Superfamily Cicadoidea - Cicadas, Leafhoppers, and Treehoppers

Leafhopper - Sorhoanus orientalis Leafhopper on sweetflag (Acorus calamus) - Agalliopsis unidentified cicada - Pacarina puella - female Chlorotettix ? - Chlorotettix Gyponana? - Gyponana Brown Bug - Neotibicen Cicada  - Neotibicen linnei leafhopper - Orientus ishidae
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (Free-living Hemipterans)
Superfamily Cicadoidea (Cicadas, Leafhoppers, and Treehoppers)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Taxonomic treatment of the families in this superfamily varies. See, for instance, the Tree of Life's treatment of these families under Auchenorrhyncha:
-Cicadomorpha
Cicadoidea (cicadas, tettigarctid cicadas)
Cercopoidea (froghoppers, spittlebugs)(1)
Membracoidea (leafhoppers, treehoppers)(2)
-Fulgoromorpha (planthoppers)(3)(4)
Numbers
data on NA treehopper fauna summarized in(5)
Identification
Characters of the Cicadoidea are (Folz, 2001):
antennae short and bristlelike (aristate), arising in front of or between the compound eyes
tarsi with three segments
middle coxae short and contiguous
no Y-vein in the anal area of the forewing

Superfamily Cicadoidea as used here is comprised of four families:
Aetalionidae - Aetalionid Treehoppers
Cercopidae - Spittlebugs
Cicadellidae - Leafhoppers
Cicadidae - Cicadas
Membracidae - Treehoppers