9 species in our area(1), ~70 spp. in 12 genera total(2)
Wings usually conspicuously longer than the abdomen and with dark markings; proboscis short and thick; ovipositor with a non-retractile sheath
Throughout NA and the temperate regions of the world
Adults on flowers and low-hanging branches in shady habitats, larvae under bark, and in flower buds and stems
Larvae phytophagous or predaceous on longhorn & bark beetle larvae (Cerambycidae, Curculionidae: Scolytinae)
Malloch J.R., McAtee W.L. (1924) Keys to flies of the families Lonchaeidae, Pallopteridae, and Sapromyzidae of the eastern United States, with a list of the species of the District of Columbia region. Proc. U.S. natn. Mus. 65: 1-26. (Full text)
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