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Family Nepticulidae

small moth - Etainia ochrefasciella moth - Ectoedemia   - Zimmermannia bosquella Nepticulidae IMG_4268 - Stigmella macrocarpae Sycamore Blotch Miner - Ectoedemia Ectoedemia? - Zimmermannia Stigmella Stigmella ?
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Nepticuloidea (Pygmy Leafmining Moths)
Family Nepticulidae
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Nepticulidae Braun, 1917
Explanation of Names
From the type genus Nepticula, Latin meaning "granddaughter." (1)
97 described species in North America (9 introduced) and many more undescribed; 862 described species worldwide (2)
Forewing lengths from 1.5 - 4.5 mm. (3)
Adult - some of the smallest Lepidoptera, the basal antennal segment (scape) greatly enlarged and forming a cap over the upper half of the large eye. Forewing broad with long scale fringes. (3)
Larva - legless.
Larvae often leaf mine in woody plants. Adults use rudimentary proboscis to lap up honeydew secreted by aphids. (3)
Print References
Braun, A.F. 1917. Nepticulidae of North America. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 43: 155-209 (4)
Davis, D.R. 1978. New leaf-mining moths of the family Nepticulidae from Florida. The Florida Entomologist 61(4): 209-224 (PDF) (5)
Works Cited
1.An accentuated list of the British Lepidoptera, with hints on the derivation of the names.
Anonymous. 1858. The Entomological Societies of Oxford and Cambridge.
2.Revised classification and catalogue of global Nepticulidae and Opostegidae (Lepidoptera, Nepticuloidea)
3.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
4.Nepticulidae of North America.
Annette F. Braun. 1917. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 43: 155-209.
5.New leaf-mining moths of the family Nepticulidae from Florida.
Donald R. Davis. 1978. The Florida Entomologist 61(4): 209-224.