Explanation of Names
Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macquart 1839)
body 5-6 mm, wings 6-7 mm
Found wherever pigeons are encountered in tropical, subtropical, and temperate areas with mild winters worldwide. It occurs throughout the Southeastern United States. Imported from Europe.
A common ectoparasite of pigeons and doves
The female produces one larva at a time and retains the developing larva in her body until it is ready to pupate. The larva feeds on the secretions of a "milk gland" in the uterus of its mother. After three larval instars, the larva has reached its maximum size, the mother gives birth to the white pre-pupa which immediately begins to darken and form the puparium or pupal shell. The pupa of the pigeon louse fly looks like a dark brown, egg-shaped seed. The pupa is found in host nest or on ledges where the birds roost. Adult emerges from the puparium and flies in search of a host.
adults feed on blood of their host. They are adapted for clinging to and moving through the plumage and pelage. Strongly specialized claws help them cling to the hair or feathers of their particular host species. Wings retained for entire adult life. This fly is a vector of pigeon malaria, a protozoan disease.(1)