Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes


TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Family Myrmeleontidae - Antlions

Antlion - Glenurus gratus Antlion - Glenurus gratus Antlion Larvae - Myrmeleon Antlion - Paranthaclisis congener Antlion - Dendroleon obsoletus myrmeleonid Antlion species Antlion - Myrmeleon
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Neuroptera (Antlions, Lacewings and Allies)
Suborder Myrmeleontiformia
Family Myrmeleontidae (Antlions)
Other Common Names
Doodlebugs (larvae, esp. Myrmeleon)
Pronunciation
meer-mel-lee-ON-tih-dee
Explanation of Names
Numbers
94 spp. in 18 genera in our area(1)(2)
Size
adult body length 40-80 mm
Identification
Antennae fairly short (about the length of the head and thorax combined), clubbed, and often curved at the tip somewhat like a field hockey stick. Wings transparent, mottled with brown and black.
Food
Larvae are voracious predators that lie in wait for their insect prey under sand or loose soil. Myrmeleon spp. (known as "doodlebugs") are most frequently noticed--they dig a shallow pit in loose sand to trap prey. Members of some other genera live in tree holes.
Remarks
adults mostly nocturnal or crepuscular; come to lights
See Also
Dobsonflies have narrow antennae with tapered ends, bigger heads and jaws

Fishflies have serrate (with sawlike teeth) or pectinate (feathery) antennae

Owlflies have very long antennae and large bulging eyes
Works Cited
1.Species catalog of the Neuroptera, Megaloptera, and Raphidioptera of America North of Mexico
Penny N.D., Adams P.A., Stange L.A. 1997. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 50: 39-114.
2.Antlions of Hispaniola (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae)
R.B. Miller, L.A. Stange. 2011. Insecta Mundi 0182: 1-28.