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Species Liorhyssus hyalinus - Hyaline Grass Bug

Seed Bug - Liorhyssus hyalinus True Bug: Rhopalidae? - Liorhyssus hyalinus - male - female Is this Liorhyssus hyalinus? - Liorhyssus hyalinus Hemiptera of some sort - Liorhyssus hyalinus Hemiptera of some sort - Liorhyssus hyalinus White Bug - Liorhyssus hyalinus White and black plant bug - Liorhyssus hyalinus A Plant Bug - Liorhyssus hyalinus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Coreoidea (Leatherbugs)
Family Rhopalidae (Scentless Plant Bugs)
Subfamily Rhopalinae
Tribe Rhopalini
Genus Liorhyssus
Species hyalinus (Hyaline Grass Bug)
Explanation of Names
Liorhyssus hyalinus (Fabricius 1794)
Size
5.5-7.5 mm(1)(2)
Identification
color extremely variable; can be distinguished from similar rhopalids by the following combination:
antennomere IV ca. 1.5 times as long as III, and distinctly wider
wing membrane considerably protruding behind abdomen (for at least the length of the apical segment)
last abdominal segment with white margin dilated medially and laterally, or with 3 spots (vs dark median band)
Range
cosmopolitan(3); in our area, across the US + ON, MB, BC(4)(5)
The fact that the species is listed as having a "cosmopolitan distribution" and "migrant" by some and that it occurs in places like "Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, Hawaii, Midway Atoll, Mexico to South America, and the West Indies"(4) makes me somewhat inclined to disagree that the species is native in Canada and the continental US. This is definitely an interesting biogeographic anomaly. Maybe it should be considered a "cryptogenic" species (species of uncertain origin) in North America. --E.R. Hoebeke, pers.comm. to =v=
Food
extremely polyphagous, prefers Asteraceae(6)(2)
Remarks
can damage pistachio fruit and sorghum in the US and many other crops elsewhere, incl. cotton, tobacco, cereals and legumes(3)
Print References
(7)
Internet References
Species page (Bantock & Botting (2010)(2)
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Bantock T., Botting J. (2010-) British Bugs, an online identification guide to UK Hemiptera
3.Heteroptera of economic importance
Schaefer C.W., Panizzi A.R. (eds). 2000. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 828 pp.
4.Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs of Canada and the Continental United States
Thomas J. Henry, Richard C. Froeschner. 1988. Brill Academic Publishers.
5.Checklist of the Hemiptera of Canada and Alaska
Maw, H.E.L., R.G. Foottit, K.G.A. Hamilton and G.G.E. Scudder. 2000. NRC Research Press.
6.Keys to the insects of the Far East of the USSR, Vol. 2. Homoptera and Heteroptera
Lehr, P. A., ed. 1988. Leningrad, Nauka Publishing House.
7.Liorhyssus hyalinus (F.) (Hemiptera: Rhopalidae) in the Western United States: New Host Records, Host-Plant Range, and ...
A.G. Wheeler Jr. 2016. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 118 (1): 115-128.