Other Common Names
European wasp, German wasp, or German yellowjacket
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Fabricius, 1793. (1)
Predators and scavengers of small and large insects or other animals.
A single queen starts a nest in the spring. Colonies can reach thousands of individuals.
Females are polyandrous.
Native to Europe, Northern Africa, and temperate Asia. It apparently first appeared in Montreal in the 1960’s.
Kimsey, L.S. & Carpenter, J.M. (2012): The Vespinae of North America (Vespidae, Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research
28: 37–65; doi: 10.3897/JHR.28.3514