Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Fall Fund Drive

TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Family Aphrophoridae - Spittlebugs

Spruce Spittlebug - Aphrophora parallella Leafhopper ID? - Lepyronia quadrangularis Aphrophora cribrata, perhaps? - Aphrophora cribrata Aphrophora? - Aphrophora Cercopidae - Aphrophora princeps Spittlebug Nymph - Lepyronia gibbosa Spittle bug Or hopper? - Lepyronia quadrangularis Meadow Spittlebug perhaps - Philaenus spumarius
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (Free-living Hemipterans)
Superfamily Cercopoidea (Spittlebugs)
Family Aphrophoridae (Spittlebugs)
Explanation of Names
Aphrophoridae Amyot & Serville 1843
Spittlebug: nymphs surround themselves with a frothy mass that resembles spittle
Numbers
~30 spp. in 7 genera in our area,> ~930 spp. in ~160 genera total(1); genus not yet in the guide: Paraphilaenus Vilbaste 1962, P. parallelus (Stearns 1918) ON-WI-?IL
Identification
Key to genera and most spp. in(3)
Range
worldwide
Life Cycle
After the nymph molts for the final time, the resulting adult insect leaves the mass of "spittle" and moves about actively. The "spittle" is derived from a fluid voided from the anus and from a mucilaginous substance excreted by epidermal glands. Nymphs wander away from their spittle masses, and either start new ones, or enter those of other nymphs. Aphrophora nymphs hold the record, of one spittle mass over a foot long containing about 100 individuals! --A.K.G. Hamilton