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Superfamily Cynipoidea

Parasitic Wasp? brushy gall? - Andricus quercusfoliatus Oak leaf gall and larva - Neuroterus floccosus Gall on a Pin Oak - Dryocosmus floridensis Diplolepis sp? Galls on some tree Cynipidae, wasp (red), ventral - Antistrophus lygodesmiaepisum Wasp
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" (parasitic Apocrita))
Superfamily Cynipoidea
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Charipidae and Eucoilidae have been sunk into Figitidae(1)(2), though the former is treated in the guide as a separate family
Numbers
5-6 families total (incl. monotypic Australian Austrocynipidae); Liopteridae (3 spp. in our area, ~70 worldwide) is not yet in the guide; >800 spp. in our area, ~2000 worldwide(3)(1)
Identification
Mostly small or minute insects with reduced venation. Most species are black and the abdomen is usually shiny and somewhat compressed. Filiform antennae; the pronotum extends back to the tegulae and the ovipositor issues from the anterior apex of the abdomen.
Larval morphology: see(4)
Remarks
Gall makers, gall inquilines or parasites.
Internet References
Cynipoidea In Catalan, with excellent photos
Works Cited
1.Australian Faunal Directory
2.Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera
Sharkey M.J. 2007. Zootaxa 1668: 521–548.
3.Hymenoptera of the world: an identification guide to families
Goulet H., Huber J., eds. 1993. Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E. 668 pp.
4.Comparative morphology of terminal-instar larvae of Cynipoidea: phylogenetic implications
J.L. Nieves-Aldrey, H. Vårdal, F. Ronquist. 2005. Zoologica Scripta 34: 15–36.