Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Gryllus (Locusta) carolinus Linneaus, 1758, described from Charleston, South Carolina
Acridium carolinum (Linneaus) De Geer, 1773
Locusta carolina (Linneaus) T.W. Harris, 1835
Dissosteira carolina (Linnaeus) S.H. Scudder, 1876
Acridium (Oedipoda) carolinum (Linneaus) S.H. Scudder, 1901
Color variable: yellowish gray to brown. Sharp ridge on pronotum with one cut. Hind wings black except for yellow along rear margin--distinctive in much of North America, apparently. Hind tibiae yellow. "A strong flier, often seen hovering or in a zig-zag, fluttering flight of courtship." (1)
Appears butterfly-like in flight. Males (mostly) crepitate in flight and stridulate (sing).
Most of 48 United States except southern Florida, Gulf Coastal Plain, southwest Arizona, and bottom 2/3rds of California. (1)
Found often along roadsides, nearly bare ground.
Mid-summer to fall. May-November (mid-latitudes). Late June-October (Michigan). June-frost (North Carolina).
Grasses, forbs, horsetails (Equisetum).
Often mistaken for a Butterfly due to large size and often rather lazy bobbing flight. Probably the Bandwing Grasshopper most familiar to the most people in North America, due to it's preference for disturbed often dusty habitats, such as dirt roads, paths, vacant lots, etc.
Commonly attracted to lights at night.
Capinera, pp. 88-89, plate 13. (1)
Capinera, pp. 65-66, plates 42, 43 (2)
Helfer, p. 115, fig. 191 (3)