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Superfamily Ichneumonoidea - Braconids and Ichneumons

little Ichneumon 6012788 - female Unknown - Yelicones nigromarginatus Another Unknown Wasp - female Ichneumonid, wasp-like - female Braconid Braconid? - Macrocentrus - male Ichneumon Wasp - Clistopyga recurva - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" (parasitic Apocrita))
Superfamily Ichneumonoidea (Braconids and Ichneumons)
Identification
Pronotum more or less triangular in profile, and extending to tegula or nearly so. Antennae threadlike, usually with at least 16 segments. Hind trochanters 2-segmented. Ovipositor rises in front of apex of abdomen, non-retractable, often as long or longer than body. Venation usually normal. FW without a costal cell.
Gavin Broad's key to the subfamilies of Ichneumonidae(1) may not cover all of the NA subfamilies, but is extremely helpful all the same.

Diagram comparing recurrent vein(s) of Braconid and Ichneumonid wings (Washington State University).
Food
Parasites of other arthropods
Remarks
A very large and important group. Wasplike in appearance, but (with rare exceptions) do not sting.
Print References
(2)(3)
Internet References
Ichneumonoidea In Catalan, with excellent photos.
Works Cited
1.Broad G. (2011) Identification key to the subfamilies of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera)
2.Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.
3.Peterson First Guide to Insects of North America
Richard E. White, Christopher Leahy, Roger Tory Peterson. 1998. Houghton Mifflin Co.