Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes


TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Family Chalcididae - Chalcidid Wasps

Brachymeria fonscolomb - Brachymeria podagrica - male Chalcid Wasp - Brachymeria Chalcididae - ? - Phasgonophora sulcata Chalcid wasp - Brachymeria Phasgonophora sulcata? - Trigonura Large Red/Black Chalcid - Conura chalicid wasp - conura amoena? - Conura 8015840 chalcidid
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" (parasitic Apocrita))
Superfamily Chalcidoidea (Chalcid Wasps)
Family Chalcididae (Chalcidid Wasps)
Pronunciation
kal-SID-i-dee
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
often misspelled "Chalcidae"
Explanation of Names
Greek chalkos 'bronze, copper' - a reference to metallic color
"chalcid" [KAL-sid] (not chalcidid) is the correct way to refer to a member of the group; "chalcidian" is a synonym of "chalcid" (Webster's Unabridged Dictionary 1983)
Numbers
>140 spp. in 15 genera of 4 subfamilies in our area and ca. 1500 spp. in ~90 genera of 5 subfamilies worldwide(1)
Size
2.5-9.0 mm(1)
Food
hosts: mostly Lepidoptera and Diptera, though a few attack Hymenoptera, Coleoptera or Neuroptera(1). Parasites of Lepidoptera usually attack young pupae, while those of Diptera attack mature larvae.(2)
Remarks
The terms "chalcid" and "chalcid wasp" typically refer to the whole superfamily Chalcidoidea, so it is best to use "chalcidid" when specifically referring to this family.
Works Cited
1.Universal Chalcidoidea Database
2.A handbook of the families of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). 2nd Edition
E.E. Grissell & M. E. Schauff. 1997. Entomological Society of Washington. 87pp.