Explanation of Names
Oebalus pugnax (Fabricius 1775)
pugnax = 'fighter'
Prominent spines, projecting forward, are distinctive in adult.
Early instars are mostly pinkish with transverse black spots on abdomen; later instars have pale body with pink and black spots.
e. US to AZ (ME-FL to MN-AZ) to Brazil; W. Indies(2)(3)
grasses (including wheat, rice, corn, and other crops); may attack caterpillars(1)
Typically overwinters as adult near the ground among grass. Adults become active in spring and females lay eggs in clusters of 10-30 in double rows on leaves or seed heads of grasses. Nymphs molt five times to become adults. There may be two to five generations per year.(4)