Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes


TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Family Cimicidae - Bed Bugs

Cimex lectularius Cimex lectularius Cimex lectularius Insect in bird cage - Hesperocimex coloradensis blood fed adult and immature bed bugs - Cimex lectularius Red insect with some black spots on lower body - Cimex lectularius chimney swift bug - Cimexopsis nyctalis chimney swift bug - Cimexopsis nyctalis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Superfamily Cimicoidea
Family Cimicidae (Bed Bugs)
Numbers
15 spp. in 8 genera in our area, 110 spp. in 24 genera worldwide(1)
Size
4-12 mm(1)
Identification
body flat, broadly oval, wingless(1)
Range
cosmopolitan
Season
year-round
Food
ectoparasites of birds and mammals; most are associated with birds & bats, only 2 spp. (Cimex lectularius and C. hemipterus) are permanently associated with humans(1)
Life Cycle
multiple generations per year
Works Cited
1.Biodiversity of the Heteroptera
Henry T.J. 2009. In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H., eds. Insect biodiversity: Science and society. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell: 223-263.