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Family Chloropidae - Frit Flies

Plump Chloropid - Thaumatomyia rubida Fly on siding - Elachiptera Small Red & Yellow Fly - Thaumatomyia rubida Unknown Diptera - Thaumatomyia Small fly - Thaumatomyia grass fly - Thaumatomyia Leaf Miner Fly? fly emerging from collection of Dichanthelium cf. acuminatum rosettes
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Acalyptratae")
Family Chloropidae (Frit Flies)
Other Common Names
Grass Flies, Stem-miner Flies, Eye Gnats, Pecker Gnats
Explanation of Names
Chloropidae Rondani 1856
Numbers
~280 spp. in our area, close to 3,000 spp. in ~200 genera worldwide(1)
Identification
Color variable, some species blackish or grayish, some brightly colored with black and yellow. Ocellar triangle usually large, shining.
Habitat
Very common in meadows and grassy areas, though they may be found in a variety of habitats
Food
in most spp., larvae feed on grass stems (some are serious pests of cereals); some spp. are scavengers, parasites, or predators
Remarks
Some spp. are attracted to the eyes (the so-called 'eye gnats,' vectors of yaws and pink eye)
Some are pollinators of orchids or Araceae flowers.
Print References
(2)(3)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Thompson F.C., Pape T., Evenhuis N.L. (2013) Systema Dipterorum, Version 1.5
2.Peterson First Guide to Insects of North America
Richard E. White, Christopher Leahy, Roger Tory Peterson. 1998. Houghton Mifflin Co.
3.Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.