Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
, 1861). Synonyms and taxonomic notes:
Acridium damnificum Saussure, 1861. Type locality: Tennessee
Cyrtacanthacris unilineata Walker, 1870. Type locality: Indiana
Acridium rugosum Provancher, 1876. Type locality: Quebec
Acridium appendiculatum Scudder, 1878. Type locality: Florida
Schistocerca damnifica (Saussure) Morse, 1904
Schistocerca damnifica calidior J.A.G. Rehn & Hebard, 1912. Type locality: Homestead, Florida
Explanation of Names
Wings and antennae tend to become longer toward the south than in the north, pattern is often somewhat more pronounced, and the general appearance of southern specimens is a bit more slender. These have been named as subspecies calidior, though appendiculatum would be an older name for these. This is a gradual regional trend that occurs from north to south, and the distinction is minor enough that the southern "subspecies" is usually not mentioned by authors. It is most noticeable in populations in coastal South Carolina & Georgia, and in Florida. "S. impleta" might represent similar but more pronounced tendencies in this species in south Texas, but they are tentatively treated as a separate species on BugGuide.
males: 25-35 mm, females: 37-47 mm
Nearly or quite uniform brown (often reddish or yellowish) coloration, often with entire top of folded tegmina lighter, small size, thick antennae, distinct pronotal ridge, and narrow linear cut in male subgenital plate all help to distinguish this from other members of the genus. A pale mid-dorsal stripe may be present or absent on head and pronotum, and the folded tegmina may be mottled with irregular but faint darker spots on the sides. Wings extend beyond tip of abdomen just a bit, not as much as in other members of the genus.
Southeastern United States, north to Pennsylvania, Ohio, west to Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas.
Old fields and open woodlands.
June-September (northern part of range). Throughout winter in Florida. September-May, adults hibernating (North Carolina).
Overwinters as adult in south.