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Family Gryllidae - True Crickets

BG2864 E1653 - Phyllopalpus pulchellus - female Cricket or Katydid? - Oecanthus californicus - female Field Cricket - Gryllus pennsylvanicus - female Allonemobius - female Oecanthus - male Gryllus integer - female Black Horned Tree Cricket? - Oecanthus - female Miogryllus saussurei - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Ensifera (Long-horned Orthoptera)
Infraorder Gryllidea (Crickets)
Family Gryllidae (True Crickets)
Pronunciation
GRILL-ih-dee
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Gryllidae Laicharting, 1781. Synonyms, etc.:
Trigonidiidae (sometimes misspelled Trigonididae)
Eneopteridae
8 other synonyms listed at OSF
Explanation of Names
English cricket is from Middle English creket, that from Old French crequet. The ultimate origin is onomatopoeic, imitative of the sound made by these animals (1).
Certain crickets (winged bush-crickets, here classified as subfamily Trigonidiinae ) are called "trigs", apparently short for Trigonidiid, that in turn from genus Trigonidium Rambur, 1838. This would appear to be from Greek trigonos three-cornered.
Numbers
8 subfamilies, 28 genera, 112 species North of Mexico (SINA)
Identification
Long, slender ovipositor. Long antennae. 3-segmented tarsi.

Overview of Subfamilies:

Gryllinae - Field Crickets

Nemobiinae - Ground Crickets

Trigonidiinae - Winged Bush Crickets/Trigs

Oecanthinae - Tree Crickets

Hapithinae - Bush Crickets
Print References
The Century Dictionary--entry for cricket (1)
Internet References
classification plus synonyms, common name reference, included taxa, and literature citations (Orthoptera Species File)
Information and links (U. of Florida)
List of species, maps, photos, etc. (Singing Insects of North America)