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Family Gryllidae - True Crickets

Side by side comparison of Narrow-winged male and female - Oecanthus niveus - male - female Ovipositing female - Neoxabea bipunctata - female Cricket - Allonemobius allardi - male What the ...? - Neoxabea bipunctata - female 5013389 - Oecanthus - female Katydid? - Oecanthus niveus - male Restless Bush Cricket - Hapithus agitator - female small Black cricket
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Ensifera (Long-horned Orthoptera)
Infraorder Gryllidea (Crickets)
Family Gryllidae (True Crickets)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Gryllidae Laicharting, 1781. Synonyms, etc.:
Trigonidiidae (sometimes misspelled Trigonididae)
8 other synonyms listed at OSF
Explanation of Names
English cricket is from Middle English creket, that from Old French crequet. The ultimate origin is onomatopoeic, imitative of the sound made by these animals (1).
Certain crickets (winged bush-crickets, here classified as subfamily Trigonidiinae ) are called "trigs", apparently short for Trigonidiid, that in turn from genus Trigonidium Rambur, 1838. This would appear to be from Greek trigonos three-cornered.
8 subfamilies, 28 genera, 112 species North of Mexico (SINA)
Long, slender ovipositor. Long antennae. 3-segmented tarsi.

Overview of Subfamilies:

Gryllinae - Field Crickets

Nemobiinae - Ground Crickets

Trigonidiinae - Winged Bush Crickets/Trigs

Oecanthinae - Tree Crickets

Hapithinae - Bush Crickets
Print References
The Century Dictionary--entry for cricket (1)
Internet References
classification plus synonyms, common name reference, included taxa, and literature citations (Orthoptera Species File)
Information and links (U. of Florida)
List of species, maps, photos, etc. (Singing Insects of North America)