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Family Gryllidae - True Crickets

Cricket - Allonemobius - female Winged Bush Cricket? - Anaxipha exigua - female Tree Cricket - Neoxabea bipunctata - male 6015363 Tree Cricket - Oecanthus pini - female teneral Cricket - Gryllus veletis - female Cricket? - Phyllopalpus pulchellus - male Field cricket?  - Allonemobius - female Gryllus integer - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Ensifera (Long-horned Orthoptera)
Infraorder Gryllidea (Crickets)
Family Gryllidae (True Crickets)
Pronunciation
GRILL-ih-dee
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Gryllidae Laicharting, 1781. Synonyms, etc.:
Trigonidiidae (sometimes misspelled Trigonididae)
Eneopteridae
8 other synonyms listed at OSF
Explanation of Names
English cricket is from Middle English creket, that from Old French crequet. The ultimate origin is onomatopoeic, imitative of the sound made by these animals (1).
Certain crickets (winged bush-crickets, here classified as subfamily Trigonidiinae ) are called "trigs", apparently short for Trigonidiid, that in turn from genus Trigonidium Rambur, 1838. This would appear to be from Greek trigonos three-cornered.
Numbers
8 subfamilies, 28 genera, 112 species North of Mexico (SINA)
Identification
Long, slender ovipositor. Long antennae. 3-segmented tarsi.

Overview of Subfamilies:

Gryllinae - Field Crickets

Nemobiinae - Ground Crickets

Trigonidiinae - Winged Bush Crickets/Trigs

Oecanthinae - Tree Crickets

Hapithinae - Bush Crickets
Print References
The Century Dictionary--entry for cricket (1)
Internet References
classification plus synonyms, common name reference, included taxa, and literature citations (Orthoptera Species File)
Information and links (U. of Florida)
List of species, maps, photos, etc. (Singing Insects of North America)