Worldwide there are 154 genera and 1410 recognized species (June, 2013) (Sesiidae.net
Moths often resemble wasps and bees in coloration and marking.
Wings elongate, often transparent owing to the lack of scales.
Most of the larvae are borers in the limbs, trunks, bark, or roots of trees, shrubs, herbs and vines. Some bore in galls on woody or herbaceous plants. Majority of adults take nectar. (3)
Females signal they're ready to mate by emmiting a sex attractant. After mating eggs are deposited singly on the host plant. After hatching the larvae quickly bore into the host. Pupation usally takes place the following season. Before pupating, the larva constructs the exit gallery and exit hole leaving a thin layer of tissue to conceal the opening. Some species pupate underground. Many species have a two year life cycle. (3)
Beutenmüller, W. 1896. Critical review of the Sesiidae found in America, north of Mexico. American Museum of Natural History 8(7): 111-148
Beutenmüller, W. 1901. Monograph of the Sesiidae of America, north of Mexico. Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History 1(6): 218-352
, pl.29-36 (4)
Eichlin, T.D & W.D. Duckworth 1988. The Moths of America North of Mexico, Sesioidea, Sesiidae, Fascicle 5.1. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation. (5)
Engelhardt, G.P. 1946. The North American Clear-wing Moths of the family Aegeriidae. United States National Museum Bulletin 190: 1-222
, pl.17-32 (6)
- world checklist
U. of FL
. The Clearwings Borers of Florida