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Class Symphyla - Symphylans

 Symphyla Symphylan under bark Symphyla IMG_6582 Symphylan Symphylan Symphylan IMG_0586 Symphylan IMG_0586 Symphylan
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Myriapoda (Myriapods)
Class Symphyla (Symphylans)
Other Common Names
Dwarf millipedes
Garden Centipedes
Garden Symphylans
Glasshouse symphylans
Symphylids (or Symphilids)
Size
1-8 mm long
Identification
White, slender, prominent antennae with many segments; numerous legs. Well developed head. Newly hatched nymphs have only six pairs, but the total number of legs grows with each molt.
Range
All continents except Antarctica.
Habitat
Soil, especially the upper 12-15 cm.
Season
All stages can be found throughout the year, but most eggs and early nymphs are found in the spring and fall.
Food
They feed mainly on roots or fungi; many are probably omnivorous.
Remarks
They may cause damage to plants, especially in greenhouses.
Print References
(1)
Works Cited
1.Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.