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Family Buthidae

 Scorpion - Centruroides hentzi - female Centruroides gracilis - female Scorpion mating - Centruroides vittatus Banana Scorpion - Centruroides gracilis Arizona bark scorpion with babies - Centruroides sculpturatus - female Scorpion - Centruroides sculpturatus - male Striped Bark Scorpion - Centruroides vittatus Centruroides vittatus - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Chelicerata (Chelicerates)
Class Arachnida (Arachnids)
Order Scorpiones (Scorpions)
Family Buthidae
Pronunciation
BYOO-thih-dee; BYOO-thid (buthid) scorpions
Explanation of Names
Buthidae C.L. Koch 1837
Numbers
a single genus in our area; ~940 spp. in 56 genera total(1) (the largest scorpion family)
Identification
The family Buthidae is easily recognized by the almost triangular sternum. The sternum is located on the underside just before the pectines (combs).
Range
in warm climates on all continents except Antarctica
Remarks
Of the known 25 (or so) species of dangerous scorpions, only one (Hemiscorpius lepturus, Hemiscorpiidae) is NOT in this family. Dangerous buthids are in the genera Centruroides (North America and Mexico), Tityus (South America), and Androctonus; in the Old World, Parabuthus, Leiurus, Mesobuthus, and Hottentotta. Oddly, with all the venomous animals in Australia, none of the buthids there is known to be dangerous.