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Tribe Prionini

Brown Prionid - Orthosoma brunneum - male One day after the first monsoon storm, at night at the patio light - Derobrachus hovorei Palo Verde Root Borer - Derobrachus hovorei Prionus laticollis - male - female BG2544 E1009 - Prionus imbricornis Prionus arenarius Hovore - Prionus arenarius - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Chrysomeloidea (Long-horned and Leaf Beetles)
Family Cerambycidae (Long-horned Beetles)
Subfamily Prioninae
Tribe Prionini
Numbers
22 spp. in 3 genera in our area, 74 spp. in 9 genera in the New World(1)
Size
in our area, 20-70 mm; the world's largest beetle, Titanus giganteus (up to 170+ mm), is a member of this tribe
Identification
Partial key to genera adapted from(2)(3)(4):
1 Robust, antennomeres often overlapping, tips of apical segments produced into lobes ... Prionus
2 Elongated, sides almost parallel; apex (tip) of each antennomere simple
2a Antennomere 3 distinctly longer than 1 and 2 combined, about as long as 4 and 5 together (left) ... Derobrachus
2b Antennomere 3 equal in length to 1 and 2 combined, shorter than 4 and 5 (right) ... Orthosoma
Note: Antennomere 2 is greatly reduced in both genera. Also, antennomeres are fimbriate in Derobrachus but not in Orthosoma.
Range
much of the world and NA
Works Cited
1.A Photographic Catalog of the Cerambycidae of the New World
2.A Manual of Common Beetles of Eastern North America
Dillon, Elizabeth S., and Dillon, Lawrence. 1961. Row, Peterson, and Company.
3.Illustrated revision of the Cerambycidae of North America. Vol. I, Subfamilies Parandrinae, Spondylidinae, Aseminae, Prioninae
Chemsak A.J. 1996. Wolfsgarden Press, Burbank, ix+150pp., 10 pls.
4.The Cerambycidae of North America. Part II. Taxonomy and classification of the Parandrinae, Prioninae, Spondylinae, and Aseminae
Linsley E.G. 1962. University of California Publications in Entomology 19: 1-102, 1 pl.