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Family Braconidae - Braconid Wasps

Hymenoptera - Braconidae? Aphaereta - male Cat parasitoid - Cotesia Dark brown wasp Mummy Wasp - Aleiodes smithi Black and orange wasp Braconid ex gracillariid ex Prunus serotina - Rhygoplitis Opiine ex agromyzid ex Amaranthus hybridus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" (parasitic Apocrita))
Superfamily Ichneumonoidea (Braconids and Ichneumons)
Family Braconidae (Braconid Wasps)
Numbers
>1700 spp. in >200 genera of 36 subfamilies in our area, __ spp. in __ genera of ~50 subfamilies worldwide (info courtesy Drs Carlson and Sharkey)
subfamilies not yet in the guide:
Adeliinae ( spp. in _ genera in our area)
Dirrhopinae ( spp. in _ genera in our area)
Exothecinae ( spp. in _ genera in our area)
Hormiinae ( spp. in _ genera in our area)
Masoninae ( spp. in _ genera in our area)
Meteorideinae ( spp. in _ genera in our area)
Microtypinae ( spp. in _ genera in our area)
Pambolinae ( spp. in _ genera in our area)
Rhysipolinae ( spp. in _ genera in our area)
Rhyssalinae ( spp. in _ genera in our area)
Size
rarely over 15 mm
Identification
Antennae apparently with 16 or more segments
Hind trochanters 2-segmented
One or no recurrent veins
Females often with long ovipositors
For more info see also(1)
recurrent vein in braconid vs ichneumon wasps
Life Cycle
Many life histories adapted to parasitizing hosts as diverse as aphids, bark beetles, and foliage-feeding caterpillars. Many species are egg-larval parasitoids, laying eggs within host eggs and then not developing until the host is in the larval stage. Unlike ichneumon wasps, many pupate in silken cocoons outside the body of the host and others spin cocoons entirely apart from the host.(2)
Examples of life cycles:
Remarks
Some are used for pest control