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Family Heliozelidae - Shield Bearer Moths

leaf mine - Antispila oinophylla Black Walnut Leaf [Coptodisca? juglandiella??] Mine ID Request - Coptodisca juglandiella St. Andrews leaf miner on Myrica cerifera SA112 Coptodisca maybe 2015 2 - Coptodisca undescribed-species-on-morella St. Andrews leaf miner on Vaccinium SA208 Coptodisca maybe 2015 4 - Coptodisca Heliozelidae, Shield Bearer larvaX, on Choke Cherry - Coptodisca splendoriferella Virginia Creeper Leaf Miner [=Antispila ampelopsifoliella?] ID Request - Antispila St. Andrews leaf miner on Nyssa biflora SA636 Antispila 2016 2 - Antispila nysaefoliella Parthenocissus quinquefolia leafminer - Antispila ampelopsifoliella
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Adeloidea (Fairy Moths and kin)
Family Heliozelidae (Shield Bearer Moths)
Less than 3 mm. (1)
Adult - typically have iridescent, metallic-appearing scaling. Eyes are small as in other diurnal microlepidoptera. (1)
Larva - flattened, usually legless. (1)
Species are host specific, using at least 17 families of angiosperms. (1)
Life Cycle
Last instar larvae construct a portable case by cutting disks from the upper and lower epidermis and joining them with silk, the reason for the commom name "shield bearers." The abandoned mines, with their distinctive "shot holes" are characteristic. (1)
Works Cited
1.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.