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Family Heliozelidae - Shield Bearer Moths

Moth -? - Coptodisca Leaf Blotch Miner Moth - Coptodisca Oak Leaf Mine ID Request - Coptodisca White-banded black micromoth - Antispila Heliozelidae, Shield Bearer larvaX, on Choke Cherry - Coptodisca splendoriferella Antispila - Antispila cornifoliella Moth - Antispila ?heliozelid - Antispila freemani
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Adeloidea (Fairy Moths and kin)
Family Heliozelidae (Shield Bearer Moths)
Size
Less than 3 mm. (1)
Identification
Adult - typically have iridescent, metallic-appearing scaling. Eyes are small as in other diurnal microlepidoptera. (1)
Larva - flattened, usually legless. (1)
Food
Species are host specific, using at least 17 families of angiosperms. (1)
Life Cycle
Last instar larvae construct a portable case by cutting disks from the upper and lower epidermis and joining them with silk, the reason for the commom name "shield bearers." The abandoned mines, with their distinctive "shot holes" are characteristic. (1)
Works Cited
1.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.