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Family Heliozelidae - Shield Bearer Moths

galls on a wild grape leaf - Heliozela aesella Moth 09.08.05 (2) Moth, micro, Antispila freemani? - Antispila Shield Bearer Moth - Hodges #0243 - Antispila hydrangaeella moth - Coptodisca lucifluella Black Walnut Leaf [Coptodisca? juglandiella??] Mine ID Request - Coptodisca juglandiella Persimmon Leaf Mine Maker [=Coptodisca? diospyriella??] ID Request - Coptodisca diospyriella Wild Grape Leaf Miner ID Request - Antispila
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
No Taxon (Moths)
Superfamily Incurvarioidea
Family Heliozelidae (Shield Bearer Moths)
Size
Less than 3 mm. (1)
Identification
Adult - typically have iridescent, metallic-appearing scaling. Eyes are small as in other diurnal microlepidoptera. (1)
Larva - flattened, usually legless. (1)
Food
Species are host specific, using at least 17 families of angiosperms. (1)
Life Cycle
Last instar larvae construct a portable case by cutting disks from the upper and lower epidermis and joining them with silk, the reason for the commom name "shield bearers." The abandoned mines, with their distinctive "shot holes" are characteristic. (1)
Works Cited
1.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.