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Family Heliozelidae - Shield Bearer Moths

Antispila freemani - Hodges#0233 - Antispila cornifoliella Metallic micro moth leaf mine - Coptodisca juglandiella Weeping Willow Leaf Mine [=Coptodisca? saliciella??] ID Request - Coptodisca saliciella Heliozelidae, Shield Bearer Moths, on Grape - Heliozela aesella St. Andrews leaf miner on Vaccinium corymposum SA696 Coptodisca 2016 1 - Coptodisca St. Andrews leaf miner on Myrica cerifera SA703 Antispila maybe 2016 6 - Antispila on-myricaceae St. Andrews leaf miner on Vaccinium corymbosum SA709 Coptodisca 2016 2 - Coptodisca
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Adeloidea (Fairy Moths and kin)
Family Heliozelidae (Shield Bearer Moths)
Size
Less than 3 mm. (1)
Identification
Adult - typically have iridescent, metallic-appearing scaling. Eyes are small as in other diurnal microlepidoptera. (1)
Larva - flattened, usually legless. (1)
Food
Species are host specific, using at least 17 families of angiosperms. (1)
Life Cycle
Last instar larvae construct a portable case by cutting disks from the upper and lower epidermis and joining them with silk, the reason for the commom name "shield bearers." The abandoned mines, with their distinctive "shot holes" are characteristic. (1)
Works Cited
1.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.