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Family Heliozelidae - Shield Bearer Moths

Micro Moth - Heliozela aesella leaf mine - Coptodisca juglandiella the smallest moth I've ever seen - Coptodisca micro moth - Antispila Persimmon Leaf Mine Maker [=Coptodisca? diospyriella??] ID Request - Coptodisca diospyriella Carya Leaf Mine ID Request - Coptodisca lucifluella Wild *Grape* Leaf Miner [=Antispila? oinophylla??] ID Request - Antispila Heliozelid galls on riverbank grape - Heliozela aesella
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Adeloidea (Fairy Moths and kin)
Family Heliozelidae (Shield Bearer Moths)
Size
Less than 3 mm. (1)
Identification
Adult - typically have iridescent, metallic-appearing scaling. Eyes are small as in other diurnal microlepidoptera. (1)
Larva - flattened, usually legless. (1)
Food
Species are host specific, using at least 17 families of angiosperms. (1)
Life Cycle
Last instar larvae construct a portable case by cutting disks from the upper and lower epidermis and joining them with silk, the reason for the commom name "shield bearers." The abandoned mines, with their distinctive "shot holes" are characteristic. (1)
Works Cited
1.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.