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For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
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Family Heliozelidae - Shield Bearer Moths

Cocoon of tiny colorful moth on Live Oak - Coptodisca powellella leaf mine - Antispila oinophylla Antispila freemani Antispila ex Vitis labrusca - Antispila White-banded black micromoth - Antispila Heliozelidae, Shield Bearer Moths, on Grape, maybe 3 cocoons  - Heliozela aesella St. Andrews leaf miner on Vaccinium SA208 Coptodisca maybe 2015 4 - Coptodisca Antispila - Antispila cornifoliella
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Adeloidea (Fairy Moths and kin)
Family Heliozelidae (Shield Bearer Moths)
Less than 3 mm. (1)
Adult - typically have iridescent, metallic-appearing scaling. Eyes are small as in other diurnal microlepidoptera. (1)
Larva - flattened, usually legless. (1)
Species are host specific, using at least 17 families of angiosperms. (1)
Life Cycle
Last instar larvae construct a portable case by cutting disks from the upper and lower epidermis and joining them with silk, the reason for the commom name "shield bearers." The abandoned mines, with their distinctive "shot holes" are characteristic. (1)
Works Cited
1.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.