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Family Heliozelidae - Shield Bearer Moths

grape leaf gall - Heliozela aesella leaf mine - Antispila oinophylla Persimmon Leaf Miner ID Request - Coptodisca diospyriella Persimmon Leaf Mine Maker [=Coptodisca? diospyriella??] ID Request - Coptodisca diospyriella St. Andrews leaf miner on Diospyros virginica Coptodisca diospyriella maybe SA108 2015 4 - Coptodisca diospyriella Parthenocissus quinquefolia leafminer - Antispila ampelopsifoliella Ft Lauderdale ESA leaf miner on Conocarpus erectus FTL4 2016 4 Antispila reared from Cornus drummondii - Antispila freemani
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Adeloidea (Fairy Moths and kin)
Family Heliozelidae (Shield Bearer Moths)
Size
Less than 3 mm. (1)
Identification
Adult - typically have iridescent, metallic-appearing scaling. Eyes are small as in other diurnal microlepidoptera. (1)
Larva - flattened, usually legless. (1)
Food
Species are host specific, using at least 17 families of angiosperms. (1)
Life Cycle
Last instar larvae construct a portable case by cutting disks from the upper and lower epidermis and joining them with silk, the reason for the commom name "shield bearers." The abandoned mines, with their distinctive "shot holes" are characteristic. (1)
Works Cited
1.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.