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Species Eumorpha achemon - Achemon Sphinx - Hodges#7861

Sphinx moth caterpillar? - Eumorpha achemon Unknown Caterpillar - please help! - Eumorpha achemon ID this Caterpillar - Eumorpha achemon Sphinx (Eumorpha achemon) - Side View - Eumorpha achemon Achemon Sphinx (Eumorpha achemon) - Eumorpha achemon Caterpiller - ? - Eumorpha achemon Unknown caterpillar - Eumorpha achemon Achemon Sphinx - Eumorpha achemon? - Eumorpha achemon
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Bombycoidea (Silkworm, Sphinx, and Royal Moths)
Family Sphingidae (Sphinx Moths)
Subfamily Macroglossinae
Tribe Macroglossini
Genus Eumorpha
Species achemon (Achemon Sphinx - Hodges#7861)
Hodges Number
7861
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
First described in 1773 by Dru Drury as Sphinx achemon
Eumorpha achemon
Explanation of Names
In Greek mythology, Achemon (also spelled Acmon) was one of two mischievous brothers called the Cercopes
Size
87-96mm wingspan (1)
Larva probably similar to Pandorus sphinx, to about 90 mm (3.5")
Identification
Larvae may be tan or green, with white diagonal elongated/segmented spiracular spots from A3 to A7. "Horn" on tail end is lost after the fourth instar. Pupates in burrows in the soil.
Range
"Maine west to North Dakota and southern Oregon; south to south Florida, southern California, and Mexico." (BMNA)
Food
Larvae feed on leaves of grape (Vitis), Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus), Ampelopsis and related vining plants.

Adults take nectar from flowers.
See Also
Caterpillars are similar to Pandorus Sphinx, and eat a similar range of plants, but Achemon has narrow segmented spots on each segment from A3 - A7, instead of Pandorus's single large one.
Print References
Covell, p. 41 & plate 3 #11 (1)
Wagner, p.269 (2)
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group - range map, photos of living and pinned adults.
Silkmoths.bizland.com larval and adult images, lifecycle information
Illustrations of Natural History, p.51 (pl.XXIX, fig.1)    Drury's original description of the species (illustration here, index giving name here).
Works Cited
1.Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.
2.Caterpillars of Eastern North America
David L. Wagner. 2005. Princeton University Press.