Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes


TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Species Colonus sylvanus

a tan and white Jumping Spider - Colonus sylvanus - female Thiodina sylvana - Colonus sylvanus - male Thiodina sylvana - Colonus sylvanus - male Jumping Spiderling - Colonus sylvanus Jumping Spider sp.? - Colonus sylvanus Spider on house siding - Colonus sylvanus What kind of spider is this? - Colonus sylvanus The Continued Adventuries of Miss Sylvia - Colonus sylvanus - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Chelicerata (Chelicerates)
Class Arachnida (Arachnids)
Order Araneae (Spiders)
Infraorder Araneomorphae (True Spiders)
No Taxon (Entelegynes )
Family Salticidae (Jumping Spiders)
Genus Colonus
Species sylvanus (Colonus sylvanus)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes

All three species of North American Thiodina have actually been transferred to the genus Colonus(1)(2), however we are not sure which subfamily that genus fits in at the moment, so we have not changed the taxonomy on BugGuide yet. I asked Wayne Maddison for some guidance and he let me know that two papers are coming out soon which will completely explain the relationships and act as a guide for us. -Mandy Howe, Oct. 15, 2015
Explanation of Names
The name sylvana suggests association with woodlands(3)
Size
Body length about 7.5mm or less.
Identification
Epigynum:


Palp:
Range
Eastern half of the United States.(3)
Habitat
Usually associated with trees and is presumably arboreal.(3)
Season
Egg sacs made in late spring or summer.(3)
See Also
Thiodina puerpera males look superficially the same as the males of this species but can be separated in the field by the type of white patch in the middle of the carapace. Thiodina sylvana's white patch is circular or squared. In contrast, T. puerpera has a longitudinal white stripe that reaches almost to the posterior edge of the carapace.
Print References
Richman, D.B. and R.S. Vetter. 2004. A review of the spider genus Thiodina (Araneae, Salticidae) in the United States. J. Arach. 32(3):418-431 [download available here]
Internet References
Tree of Life images of male and female: http://www.tolweb.org/Thiodina_sylvana/5911
Works Cited
1.The jumping spider genus Thiodina Simon, 1900 reinterpreted, and revalidation of Colonus F.O.P-Cambridge, 1901 and Nilakantha Pe
Abel A. Bustamante, Wayne P. Maddison, & Gustavo R.S. Ruiz. 2015. Zootaxa 4012(1): 181–190 .
2.World Spider Catalog
3.A review of the spider genus Thiodina (Araneae, Salticidae) in the United States
David B. Richman & Richard S. Vetter. 2004. The Journal of Arachnology 32: 418-431.