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Order Geophilomorpha - Soil Centipedes

Soil Centipede Soil Centipede Unidentified Centipede - Schendyla nemorensis Centipede - Geophilus vittatus Geophilomorpha - Geophilus vittatus Geophilomorpha - Strigamia bothriopus Geophilomorpha? - Strigamia Worm or centipede, lots of legs - Geophilus vittatus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Myriapoda (Myriapods)
Class Chilopoda (Centipedes)
Order Geophilomorpha (Soil Centipedes)
Numbers
the largest centipede order, with 14 families (of which 4 in our area), 180 genera, and ca. 1,100 described spp. (estimated 4,000) worldwide(1)
Size
5-195 mm(1)
Identification
Slender, rather sluggish eyeless centipedes that have 27 to 191 pairs (the number of leg pairs is always odd) of legs and 14-segmented antennae. They burrow in the substrate in a manner similar to earthworms, by elongating and contracting their bodies.(1)
Range
occur natively on all the inhabited continents; some spp. have been introduced to oceanic islands(1)
Habitat
From sea level to high elevations; several species inhabit littoral zones(1); can penetrate as deep as 70 cm into soil(2)
Food
insect larvae and worms
Works Cited
1.Shelley R.M. The myriapods, the world’s leggiest animals
2.Spiders and Their Kin: A Golden Guide from St. Martin's Press
Herbert W. Levi, Lorna R. Levi, Nicholas Strekalovsky. 2001. St. Martin's Press.