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Species Strategus antaeus

Major Male - Strategus antaeus - male Strategus, Side View - Strategus antaeus - male Rhino Beetle?   - Strategus antaeus - male grub - Strategus antaeus Smooth Large Black Beetle - Strategus antaeus Ox beetle? - Strategus antaeus Strategus antaeus - female Major male - Strategus antaeus - male
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Dynastinae (Rhinoceros Beetles)
Tribe Oryctini
Genus Strategus (Ox Beetles)
Species antaeus (Strategus antaeus)
Other Common Names
Ox Beetle
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Strategus antaeus (Drury)
Orig. Comb: Scarabaeus antaeus Drury, 1773
18-41 mm (1)
Elytra without sutural striae. Male often has long posterior horns.
TX-FL-MA-KS (most records along coastal plains from LA to MA) (1)
Typically sandy areas, e.g. coastal plains
mostly: Jun-Sept (BG data)
Adults said to be chafers, feeding on grasses, leaves, fruits.
Life Cycle
Eggs laid in burrow in ground. Larvae feed on roots.
Type locality: originally published as Jamaica but probably Jamaica, New York. (1)
Print References
Harpootlian, p. 113, fig. 226 (2)
Dillon, p. 550, plate LV (3)
Brimley, p. 207 (4)
Works Cited
1.A revision of the genus Strategus.
Ratcliffe, B.C. 1976. Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 10. 176 pp.
2.Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.
3.A Manual of Common Beetles of Eastern North America
Dillon, Elizabeth S., and Dillon, Lawrence. 1961. Row, Peterson, and Company.
4.Insects of North Carolina
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.