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Species Dioryctria reniculelloides - Spruce Coneworm - Hodges#5843

A Pyralid sp. - Dioryctria reniculelloides 1854 Dioryctria reniculelloides - Spruce Coneworm 5843 - Dioryctria reniculelloides Spruce coneworm ? - Dioryctria reniculelloides Spruce Coneworm - Dioryctria reniculelloides Spruce Coneworm Dioryctria reniculelloides - Dioryctria reniculelloides Spruce Coneworm - Hodges#5843 - Dioryctria reniculelloides Spruce coneworm - Dioryctria reniculelloides Spruce coneworm - Dioryctria reniculelloides
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea (Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths)
Family Pyralidae (Pyralid Moths)
Subfamily Phycitinae
Tribe Phycitini
Genus Dioryctria
Species reniculelloides (Spruce Coneworm - Hodges#5843)
Hodges Number
5843
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
described in 1973 by Mutuura and Munroe
Size
wingspan about 23 mm, based on photo by Jim Vargo at MPG
larvae length to 18 mm
Identification
Adult: forewing brownish-gray with black zigzag AM and PM lines, bordered by white; dull yellowish shading inside AM line at inner margin, and sometimes beyond PM line; irregular white discal spot in median area; lacks black blotch inside AM line at costa; hindwing light brownish-gray with pale fringe
Range
Nova Scotia to Alaska, south in the east to New York, and south in the west to California and New Mexico
Habitat
coniferous and mixed forests; adults are nocturnal and come to light
Season
adults fly from June to August
Food
larvae feed primarily on cones (and sometimes shoots and needles) of spruce (Picea spp.); secondary hosts include Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), hemlock, fir, and Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta)
Life Cycle
one generation per year; eggs are laid on hostplant in late summer and hatch before winter; overwinters as a first-instar larva without feeding; larvae feed during following spring, and pupate in late June and early July
See Also
Fir Coneworm (Dioryctria abietivorella) forewing lacks dull yellowish shading and has black blotch inside AM line at costa - lacking in reniculelloides; D. pseudotsugella is restricted to the west (mostly southern British Columbia and Alberta) but is virtually identical, and is best distinguished by genitalic differences in areas of range overlap (compare images of these and related species by Jim Vargo at MPG)
Internet References
live and pinned adult images by various photographers (Moth Photographers Group)
species account including common name reference, habitat, flight season, description, similar species, biology, larval foodplants, distribution (Strickland Entomological Museum, U. of Alberta)
pinned adult image and live larva image (Canadian Forest Service)
diagrams of larvae at various stages (USDA Forest Service, insectimages.org)
presence in California; list of 13 specimen records with dates and locations, plus records of related species (U. of California at Berkeley)
presence in Alaska; citation of feeding evidence by USDA Forest Service (courtesy Google Book Search)