cyclostome "mouth." Also see this image.. As can be seen from these 2 images, the cyclostome mouth is defined by the dorso-ventrally short clypeus and the concave labrum, bordered ventrally by the mandibles.
Mummification of host remains. Here and here are examples of rogadine mummies.
Occipital carina present. (See p. 99 in Fortier 2009 (PDF)(2) for image of occipital carina.
Worldwide, with the greatest species diversity in northern Europe, Asia, and North America(1)
Attack and kill various species of leaf-feeding caterpillars; hosts include many important forest pests, such as the gypsy moth, eastern tent caterpillar, forest tent caterpillar, fall webworm, tussock moths, dagger moths, prominents, cutworms, and loopers(1)
A significant number of species have been described by Dr. Scott R. Shaw and Dr. Paul M. Marsh, both of whom generously help BugGuide with braconid wasp identification, and also by Dr. Joe Fortier, who described 71 new species in a new subfamily (2).
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