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Species Onthophagus taurus - Bull Headed Dung Beetle

Dung beetle - Onthophagus taurus - female dung beetle - Onthophagus taurus Scarab Beetle - Onthophagus taurus - male Scarab Beetle - Onthophagus taurus - female Onthophagus - Onthophagus taurus Scarab beetle - Onthophagus taurus Onthophagus taurus - male Canthon ? - Onthophagus taurus - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Scarabaeinae (Dung Beetles)
Tribe Onthophagini
Genus Onthophagus
Species taurus (Bull Headed Dung Beetle)
Explanation of Names
Onthophagus (Onthophagus) taurus (Schreber 1759)
Numbers
6.0-11.5 mm (1)
Identification
Marked sexual dimorphism. Males have 2 horns similar to a bull:
Range
native to w. Palaearctic; adventive in se. US: *TX-FL-NH-MO; intentionally released in CA (established) (1)(2)(3)
*Literature record only for Texas (4)
Food
Dung (generalist)
Life Cycle
Some females practice brood parasitism
Remarks
earliest record in our area: FL 1971 (1)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Adventive Onthophagus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in North America: geographic ranges, diagnoses, and new distributional records
Hoebeke E.R., Beucke K. 1997. Entomological News 108: 345–362.
2.Additional records of adventive Onthophagus Latreille (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in North America
MacRae T.C., Penn S.R. 2001. The Coleopterists Bulletin 55: 49–50.
3.University of New Hampshire Insect and Arachnid Collections
4.An annotated checklist of the Scarabaeoidea of Texas.
Edward G. Riley & Charles S. Wolfe. 2003. Southwestern Entomologist, Supplement. 37 pp.