Superfamily Geometroidea (Geometrid and Swallowtail Moths)
Family Geometridae (Geometrid Moths)
Species brumata (Winter Moth - Hodges#7436)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Operophtera brumata, (Linnaeus, 1758)
one of three species in the genus for North America north of Mexico
wingspan is 28–33 mm
Females of this genus have vestigial wings
Native to Europe, introduced to Northeast and Pacific Northwest, pest species in areas such as Boston. Established in the NW since the 1970s
adult males seen October to February and often attracted to lights
larvae feed on willow, trembling aspen, paper birch, balsam poplar, and bigleaf maple
this introduced species is a serious pest (defoliator)
Gwiazdowski, R.A., J.S. Elkinton, J.R. Dewaard, M. Sremac, 2013. Phylogeographic Diversity of the Winter Moths Operophtera brumata and O. bruceata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) in Europe and North America. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 106 (2): 143-151.
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