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Subfamily Phymatinae - Ambush Bugs

Ambush Bug - Phymata Ambush bug feeding frenzy - Phymata pennsylvanica - male - female Ambush! - Phymata Jagged Ambush Bug - Phymata Head - Phymata Unknown Bug - Phymata Jagged Ambush bug, nymph - Phymata 10/5 Bug - Phymata pennsylvanica
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Family Reduviidae (Assassin Bugs)
Subfamily Phymatinae (Ambush Bugs)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Formerly treated as a separate family, Phymatidae(1)
Explanation of Names
27 spp. in 3 genera north of Mexico(2), >280 spp. in 26 genera worldwide(1)
predatory bugs with dilated raptorial forelegs, clubbed antennae, and rear half of abdomen expanded (much wider than wings). Antennae are 4-segmented, beak 3-segmented, tarsi 3-segmented. Typically wait for prey on vegetation, especially flowers. In other subfamilies, antennae are not clubbed and forelegs usually not as dilated (if raptorial, modified otherwise).
Phymata spp. are the most commonly seen members.
This guide page includes contributions from Troy Bartlett, Mike Boone, cotinis, Robin McLeod, and Boris Bueche, copied from the original Phymatidae guide page.
Print References
Works Cited
1.Biodiversity of the Heteroptera
Henry T.J. 2009. In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H., eds. Insect biodiversity: Science and society. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell: 223-263.
2.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
3.Revision of Phymatinae (Hemiptera, Phymatidae)
Kormilev N. 1960. Philippine Journal of Science 89(3-4): 287-486.