Species Euphoria inda - Bumble Flower Beetle
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Cetoniinae (Fruit and Flower Chafers)
Species inda (Bumble Flower Beetle)
Other Common Names
Brown Fruit Chafer
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Orig. Comb: Scarabaeus indus Linnaeus 1764
Explanation of Names
- Latin meaning clothed
, as the beetle has a thick coat of hairs (1)
Yellow/brown elytra marked with black, lots of yellowish hairs on thorax. Probably mimic of bumblebees, it has buzzy flight.
An uncommon dark form was previously considered a separate subspecies, E. inda nigripennis (3)
AZ-FL-ME-WA / BC-QC / Mex (4)
Adults emerge in the late summer, overwinter, and then become active in the early spring, which accounts for the bimodal curve in adult activity. (2)
Adults visit flowers for pollen and/or nectar. Sometimes damage flowers. Also takes rotting fruit, corn, sap, other plant juices.
Larvae usually reported to live in decaying wood, vegetation, and especially, dung (5)
. Eggs deposited in summer near these food sources. Males often seen searching for newly-emerged females.
Larvae are associated with Formica
From Insects of Cedar Creek:
Larvae of these species are reported to live in decaying wood, but I suspect that some live as scavengers in ant nests (primarily those of Formica obscuripes). E. inda (yellow with black flecks) is commonly seen buzzing over Formica mounds in spring. On descending to the mound it is immediately covered by ants.
Blatchley, p. 998 (6)
), gives this account:
Throughout the State (Indiana); frequent. March 20-August 17. On the first warm, sunny days of spring this "bumble flower-beetle" comes forth in numbers and flies close to the ground with a loud buzzing noise like that of a bumble-bee, for which it is often mistaken. When captured it defends itself by emitting a strong, pungent chlorine-like odor. A second brood is said to appear in September. The larva live in rotten wood, beneath chips and other woody debris. The adults are often found sucking the juices of roasting ears, peaches, grapes and apples, and sometimes do much damage.
- Range: CO-NE, ND (2)
Euphoria hirtipes Horn
Det. M.J. Paulsen, 2010
Borror, entries for indo
, indu (1)
Harpootlian, p. 118, fig. 281 (8)
Dillon, p. 553, plate LIV (9)
Papp, p. 193, fig. 658 (10)
Arnett et al., p. 181, fig. 443 (11)
Insects of Cedar Creek: family page
--shows larvae in dung
--looks like a male searching for newly-emerged females
--shows feeding on sunflower stalk
|1.||Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms|
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
|2.||The Scarabaeoid Beetles of Nebraska|
Brett C. Ratcliffe & M.J. Paulsen. 2008. University of Nebraska State Museum, Vol 22, 570 pp.
|7.||Insects of North Carolina|
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
|8.||Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina|
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.
|9.||A Manual of Common Beetles of Eastern North America|
Dillon, Elizabeth S., and Dillon, Lawrence. 1961. Row, Peterson, and Company.
|10.||Introduction to North American Beetles|
Charles S. Papp. 1984. Entomography Pubns.
|11.||How to Know the Beetles|
Ross H. Arnett, N. M. Downie, H. E. Jaques. 1980. Wm. C. Brown Publishers.