Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa

Photos from the 2010 Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa

Photos from the 2009 gathering in Washington

TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Family Mydidae - Mydas Flies

BG2791 C9283 - Mydas - male unkn fly Mydas ventralis? - Mydas - male - female Mydas Fly A little more mature Robber Fly? - Pseudonomoneura hirta - female Mydas Fly (Mydas clavatus) - Mydas clavatus Fly? - Mydas Midas ventralis? - Mydas Colorado River Mydid - Mydas ventralis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon (Orthorrhapha)
Superfamily Asiloidea
Family Mydidae (Mydas Flies)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Mydaidae
Explanation of Names
Mydidae Latreille 1809
see Mydas
Numbers
~80 spp. in 9 genera of 4 subfamilies in our area(1), ~500 spp. in 66 genera of 11 subfamilies worldwide(1)(2)
  Subfamily Ectyphinae
      Heteromydas: 1 spp.
      Opomydas: 2 spp.
  Subfamily Leptomydinae
      Nemomydas: 12 spp.
      Pseudonomoneura: 7 spp.
  Subfamily Mydinae
      Messiasia: 2 spp.
      Mydas: 26 spp.
      Phyllomydas: 7 spp.
      Stratiomydas: 4? spp.
  Subfamily Rhaphiomidinae
      Rhaphiomidas: 23 spp.
Size
9-60 mm(3) (our spp. to ~30 mm?); neotropical Gauromydas heros is world's largest dipteran(1)
Identification
Large flies, often wasp mimics. Have prominent, clubbed antennae and distinctive wing venation:


Artigas & Papavero (1990) contains a key to the genera of Mydidae in the Americas. Note that the majority of genera treated in Artigas & Papavero are restricted to meso- and South America and thus do not occur in our area...but those that do are listed in the "Numbers" section above.
Range
Worldwide, primarily in tropical and subtropical regions (most diverse in Subsaharan, esp. so. Africa but poorly represented in the Oriental Region), with some representation in temperate climes(1); in our area, most spp. have restricted distribution, mostly in sw. US(3). Mydas clavatus is widespread, largely eastern.
Habitat
Primarily in arid environments, although quite a few species occur in forests(1), e.g., Mydas clavatus.
Season
Summer
Life Cycle
Life cycle details not known for many groups; generally, larvae live in decaying wood or soil; some known to prey on beetle larvae(3).
Larva and pupa of Mydas clavatus:
Remarks
Batesian mimicry of large spider wasps (Pompilidae: Pepsis, Hemipepsis) by Mydas flies is discussed in(4).
See Also
Asilidae - Robber Flies (Mydas flies have prominent clubbed antennae, different wing venation).
Print References
Artigas, J. N, & N. Papavero (1990). "Studies on Mydidae (Diptera): V. Phylogenetic and biogeographic notes, key to the American genera and illustrations of spermathecae". Gayana Zool. 54(3-4): 87-116 (Full Text)
Hardy, D.E. (1950). "The Nearctic Nomoneura and Nemomydas (Diptera:Mydaidae)". Wasmann Journal of Biology 8: 9-37. (Full Text)
Johnson, C. W. (1926). “A revision of some of the North American species of Mydaidae”, Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, vol. 38, pp. 131–145
Wilcox, J., Papavero, N. (1971). "The American genera of Mydidae (Diptera) with the description of three new genera and two new species". Arquivos Zoologica São Paulo. 21 (2): 41–119 (Full Text)
Works Cited
1.Dikow T. (2001–2014) Asiloid Flies web-site
2.Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification...
Pape T., Blagoderov V., Mostovski M.B. 2011. Zootaxa 3148: 222–229.
3.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
4.Sonoran Desert Summer
John Alcock, Marilyn Hoff Stewart. 1994. University of Arizona Press.