a difficult group with genitalia study often needed
throughout North America but the majority of species are found in the west
Lafontaine, J.D. 1987. The moths of America north of Mexico. Fascicle 27.2. Noctuoidea, Noctuidae (part) - Euxoa. The Wedge Entomolgocial Research Foundation, Washington, DC. 237 pp.; 8 color pls.; 32 monochrome pls. (2)
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