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Family Crambidae - Crambid Snout Moths

414 Catoptria oregonica [T] - Oregon Catoptria Moth 5409 - Catoptria oregonica Pink Moth - Pyrausta inornatalis Sooty-winged Chalcoela - Chalcoela iphitalis Moth - Lineodes integra White and brown moth with metallic spots on its hind wing - Petrophila fulicalis Which Pyraustinae? - Psara unknown moth species - Nomophila nearctica - female Hodges - Sitochroa palealis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
No Taxon (Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea
Family Crambidae (Crambid Snout Moths)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Crambidae Latreille, 1810
Explanation of Names
Crambidae from type genus Crambus (Fabricius), from Greek meaning "dry, parched." Also, in Greek mythology, the child of Phineus and Cleopatra. (1)
Numbers
About 850 species in 9 subfamilies in North America
About 11,630 described species in 15 subfamilies in the world.
Size
Small to medium: wingspan usually 10-35 mm.
Identification
Proboscis with scales at base; tympanal organs (ears) at base of abdomen ventrally and 'opened' anteriomedially (visible in anteriorly-angled lateral view).
Range
Cosmopolitan
Habitat
In or on terrestrial or aquatic vegetation; one group lives only in nests of arboreal ants.
Food
Larvae are stem borers, root feeders, leaf tiers, and leaf miners.
Remarks
Includes many economically important pest species.
Internet References
Family characteristics plus biology and references (Gerald Fauske, Moths of North Dakota)
Works Cited
1.An accentuated list of the British Lepidoptera, with hints on the derivation of the names.
Anonymous. 1858. The Entomological Societies of Oxford and Cambridge.