Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Phalaena Bombyx velleda
Stoll,  (178)
Tolyp[sic] candidatus Cassino, 1928
* Phylogenetic sequence #223275
Explanation of Names
velleda: perhaps from the Latin "velum" (a veil)
Wingspan 32-58 mm. (1)
; male considerably smaller than female
Adult: male forewing has whitish veins and broad dark gray subterminal band, fairly straight, and lacking alternating pinched and expanded sections; PM line whitish; basal half of wing slightly paler gray, with whitish AM line; hindwing dark gray, with or without whitish median band; female has similar markings but is paler overall, and less contrasting than male; male antennae pectinate, wider in basal half; female antennae simple.
Larva: body grayish with long hairs on lateral fleshy lappets; top of third thoracic segment has enlarged brown or reddish-orange knobs; when alarmed, exposes dorsal black band from fold behind warts.
[adapted from description by David Wagner and Valerie Giles]
Nova Scotia to central Florida, west to Texas, north to Ontario.
- range map with monthly record of photos submitted to the guide.
Moth Photographers Group
- large range map with collection dates.
Adults fly July-September.
Larvae present from June to August.
Larvae feed on leaves of a variety of broadleaf trees and shrubs. Wagner (2)
lists "apple, ash, aspen, basswood, beech, birch, cherry, oak and other woody plants."
) is slightly smaller, usually darker, and forewing subterminal band is wavier, with alternating pinched and expanded sections.
) is much smaller, darker, and has a more northern distribution [doesn't occur in southern United States]
several other Tolype
species occur in the southwest and in western Canada (compare images
of 4 species from Arizona by Bruce Walsh, and see thumbnail images
of 4 species from Canada at CBIF)
Caterpillars of three other eastern Tolype species have yellow and orange spots on the black intersegmental bar, and feed on leaves of coniferous trees.
Covell p. 53, plate 8 (1)
Wagner, p. 23--photo of larva (3)
Franclemont, J. G., 1973. Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 20.1: p. 34; pl. 3.26-30.(4)
Moth Photographers Group
- range map, collection records, living and pinned adults.
BOLD - Barcode of Life Data Systems
- collection map and photos of pinned adults.
pinned adult images of male [top] and female
(James Adams, Dalton State College, Georgia)
live larva image
plus description, foodplants, seasonality, biology (David Wagner and Valerie Giles, Caterpillars of Eastern Forests, USGS)
presence in Florida; list
(John Heppner, Florida State Collection of Arthropods)
distribution in Canada
list of provinces (CBIF)