Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Phalaena Bombyx velleda
Stoll,  (178)
Tolyp[sic] candidatus Cassino, 1928
* Phylogenetic sequence #223275
Explanation of Names
velleda: perhaps from the Latin "velum" (a veil)
Wingspan 32-58 mm. (1)
; male considerably smaller than female
Adult: male forewing has whitish veins and broad dark gray subterminal band, fairly straight, and lacking alternating pinched and expanded sections; PM line whitish; basal half of wing slightly paler gray, with whitish AM line; hindwing dark gray, with or without whitish median band; female has similar markings but is paler overall, and less contrasting than male; male antennae pectinate, wider in basal half; female antennae simple.
Larva: body grayish with long hairs on lateral fleshy lappets; top of third thoracic segment has enlarged brown or reddish-orange knobs; when alarmed, exposes dorsal black band from fold behind warts.
[adapted from description by David Wagner and Valerie Giles]
Nova Scotia to central Florida, west to Texas, north to North Dakota - MAP
Adults fly mostly June-November (MPG
Larvae present from June to August.
Larvae feed on leaves of a variety of broadleaf trees and shrubs. Wagner (2)
lists "apple, ash, aspen, basswood, beech, birch, cherry, oak and other woody plants."
) is slightly smaller, usually darker, and forewing subterminal band is wavier, with alternating pinched and expanded sections.
) is much smaller, darker, and has a more northern distribution [doesn't occur in southern United States]
several other Tolype
species occur in the southwest and in western Canada (compare images
of 4 species from Arizona by Bruce Walsh, and see thumbnail images
of 4 species from Canada at CBIF)
Caterpillars of three other eastern Tolype species have yellow and orange spots on the black intersegmental bar, and feed on leaves of coniferous trees.
Covell p. 53, plate 8 (1)
Wagner, p. 23--photo of larva (3)
Franclemont, J. G., 1973. Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 20.1: p. 34; pl. 3.26-30.(4)