Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Hyles lineata (Fabricius,1775)
Sphinx lineata Fabricius, 1775
Phylogenetic sequence # 229450
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet lineata
is Latin for "line," referring to the distinct white lines on the wing veins. (1)
Distinctive forewing pattern.
Larvae are highly variable but have a green or orange speckled head and anal plate, and yellow or orange horn (often black-tipped or largely blackened).
Widespread: most of North America, Central and South America, West Indies, also parts of Eurasia, Africa.
Various open habitats: deserts, meadows, gardens
February-November (two broods)
Adults take nectar, fly at dusk but also in day.
Larvae feed on a wide variety of plants, see Butterflies and Moths of North America
, including, but not limited to, many plants in the Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family) and Rosaceae (Rose family).
Larvae burrow into soil to go into pupal stage, where they remain for 2–3 weeks before they emerge as adults. Or they overwinter in the soil.
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Hyles gallii has a broader and somewhat uneven stripe on the forewing, and lacks the white lines.
Larva of Galium Sphinx
has a red or black horn and yellowish subdorsal spots.
Covell, Charles V. Jr. 1984. Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America.(2)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press. pl.41.15m; p.246.(3)