worldwide, much more diverse in drier regions of the Old World
from mesic to very arid; Lixini are usually associated with more mesic habitats, whereas most traditional Cleonini are found in arid habitats(2)
hosts include a wide range of herbs and or shrubs, most notably Chenopodiaceae, Compositae, Leguminosae, Rosaceae, Cruciferae and Polygonaceae; larvae of most spp. mine stems or roots, but some (e.g., Rhinocyllus, Larinus, Microlarinus) feed in flower heads or on seeds(2)
Members of several genera have been introduced to control weeds, esp. in rangeland of w. NA(1)
Contributed by Phillip Harpootlian on 8 September, 2005 - 7:34am Additional contributions by v belov Last updated 22 January, 2015 - 12:51pm
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