Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
First described in 1771 by Linnaeus
as Sphinx lugubris
Phylogenetic sequence #228350
Explanation of Names
From Latin root lugubr
sad, gloomy (1)
. "Mournful Sphinx" is from the Latin name, and both presumably refer to the somber colors (or drooping posture?) of this moth.
Odd-shaped sphinx with almost straight median line, prominent round reniform spot. Coloration brown to greenish-brown. There is a distinctive bend in the median line just above the reniform spot, which differentiates it from E. ocypete. Trailing edge of forewing somewhat scalloped. Compare Half-blind Sphinx
(Perigonia lusca) and Enyo ocypete
Southern North America into neotropics
Forests, edges, presumably.
All year in tropics, August-November northward.
Larvae feed on grape family plants, Vitus, Ampelopsis, and Cissus species (Moths of North America). Pupation occurs in a shallow burrow in the soil. Adults fly during the day, and apparently at night, because they are attracted to lights.
Flies in cold weather (pers. obs. P Coin). Seems to be found in the coastal plain, and in particular, the outer coastal plain and barrier islands.
The very similar Enyo ocypete also occurs in Florida
Borror, entry for lugubr (1)
Covell, p. 40, plate 5 #12 (2)
Holland p. 61, plate 11 #17 (Epistor lugubris) (3)
Moth Photographers Group
- map of some collection points and photos including larvae.
Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)
- collection map and photos of pinned adults.
Mantissa plantarum altera, p.538
Linnaeus' original description of the species