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Species Enyo lugubris - Mournful Sphinx - Hodges#7851

Mournful Sphinx - Enyo lugubris - male Enyo lugubris Moth - Enyo lugubris - male Unknown Sphinx Moth 2 - Enyo lugubris Moth - Enyo lugubris Moth - Enyo lugubris Beaufort NC Sphinx Moth - Enyo lugubris Unidentified Moth, Harris County,  Texas, 01 Oct 2013 - Enyo lugubris
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
No Taxon (Moths)
Superfamily Bombycoidea
Family Sphingidae (Sphinx Moths)
Subfamily Macroglossinae
Tribe Dilophonotini
Genus Enyo
Species lugubris (Mournful Sphinx - Hodges#7851)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
First described in 1771 by Linnaeus as Sphinx lugubris
Enyo lugubris
Phylogenetic sequence #228350
Explanation of Names
From Latin root lugubr sad, gloomy (1). "Mournful Sphinx" is from the Latin name, and both presumably refer to the somber colors (or drooping posture?) of this moth.
Wingspan 5-6 cm
Odd-shaped sphinx with almost straight median line, prominent round reniform spot. Coloration brown to greenish-brown. There is a distinctive bend in the median line just above the reniform spot, which differentiates it from E. ocypete. Trailing edge of forewing somewhat scalloped. Compare Half-blind Sphinx (Perigonia lusca) and Enyo ocypete.
Southern North America into neotropics
Forests, edges, presumably.
All year in tropics, August-November northward.
Adults take nectar?
Life Cycle
Larvae feed on grape family plants, Vitus, Ampelopsis, and Cissus species (Moths of North America). Pupation occurs in a shallow burrow in the soil. Adults fly during the day, and apparently at night, because they are attracted to lights.
Flies in cold weather (pers. obs. P Coin). Seems to be found in the coastal plain, and in particular, the outer coastal plain and barrier islands.
See Also
The very similar Enyo ocypete also occurs in Florida
Print References
Borror, entry for lugubr (1).
Covell, p. 40, plate 5 #12 (2)
Holland p. 61, plate 11 #17 (Epistor lugubris) (3)
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group - map of some collection points and photos including larvae.
Bill Oehlke's species page.
Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) - collection map and photos of pinned adults.
Mantissa plantarum altera, p.538    Linnaeus' original description of the species
Works Cited
1.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
2.Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.
3.The Moth Book
W.J. Holland. 1968. Dover.